Students create a variety of patterns in different values using medium gray paper and black and white charcoal. They then use these patterns to create a large scale drawing using a viewfinder and grid method.
5 sessions; 90 minutes per session
1. SWBAT create a range of values with black and white charcoal on grey paper, using patterns.
2. SWBAT use charcoal in a tidy and confident manner.
3. SWBAT squint and/or use a viewfinder to identify light and dark values.
2. Medium gray paper
3. Photographs or printed images
4. Black and white charcoal
5. Scrap paper for viewfinders
6. Spray fixative
1. Students will select & print a full page image of someone's head.
2. Students will mark a border and grid the gray paper with LIGHT pencil lines. We used 18 x 24 paper with a 1.5" border all the way around and gridded it in 1" squares.
3. Show the students how to proportionally grid their drawing. We wound up with 15 squares by 21 squares on the gray paper, so we selected a 7.5" x 10.5" section of our photograph and gridded it in 1/2" squares.
4. Create viewfinders - blank sheets of paper. One should have a 1/2" square cut out of the center, the other a 1" square. These will be used to compare values from the photograph to the drawing (most students will only need to use these occasionally, for areas with which they are having trouble.
5. Students will use scrap gray paper to create 1" squares of pattern using the charcoal. This allows them to get a variety of patterns with different values, and also lets them get used to working with charcoal.
6. Students match values of patterns to values in their photograph, and then draw the patterns in the corresponding squares, taking into consideration variances in value within individual squares.
7. When finished, students will erase stray charcoal from their borders, sign their work, and use spray fixative to set it.
8. After viewing the other students' work, each student will write a reflection (see attached).
Assessed objectives are for the student to create value using pattern, match the value of the photograph squares in the drawing, and have a complete and tidy artwork. The main goal is for students to be able to SEE values and how they work so that in the future they can draw with areas of value instead of line.